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Types of Macular Degeneration and Their Symptoms

Retina Associates

Dr. Cameron Javid treats patients at Retina Associates in Tucson, Arizona. The practice is dedicated to diagnosing and managing diseases of the macula, the vitreous, and the retina. Moreover, Retina Associates has participated in many national clinical research trials that have sought to identify treatments and technologies for addressing macular degeneration.

Macular degeneration involves the breakdown or deterioration of the macula, which is situated in the retina and helps one to see fine details distinctly. The proper functioning of the macula is critical for activities such as driving and reading. Fortunately, cases of “dry” (atrophic) macular degeneration tend to progress slowly. Hence, some useful vision remains. Limited to the retina’s center area, it does not impact peripheral vision and does not result in complete blindness.

Another type of macular degeneration is “wet” (exudative). It affects 10 percent of patients with age-related macular degeneration. Patients with it experience abnormal blood vessel growth underneath the retina. When these blood vessels leak blood or fluid, the blurring of central vision results. Vision loss can be severe and extremely rapid. Fortunately several treatment options are available.

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